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Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

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The Impenetrable Forest Reserve was gazetted in 1942, upgraded to the Bwind Impenetrable National Park in 1992 and recognised as a World Heritage Site in 1994. in the local Rukiga language, Bwindi actually means 'Impenetrable.' This double warning is apt, for Bwind is all but impenetrable; 327km2 of tangled vegetation draped over a deeply fissured landscape of steep, slippery valleys and high, draughty ridges. But if the terrain is far from easy to negotiate, it is well worth the effort. Atrek thruogh this, one of Africa's most ancient rainforests, in search of the endangered Mountain Gorillas, ranks among the world's premier wildlife encounters.

Bwind can be cold especially in the morning and at night, the annual average temperature range is 70C-200C with the coldest period being June and July. Warm clothing is required plus wet weather gear since Bwindi recieves up to 2390mm of rain/year. This is concentrated during two wet seasons, short rains in March-May and heavy rains in September-November. Instead of short tropical deluges, rain in Bwind often falls as long hours of soft drizzle.


Bwindi lies in south-western Uganda, about 530km from Kampala the campital city. The park can be reached by road from several directions.

Queen Elizabeth national Park (Mweya)- Kihihi-Buhoma.
Ths route passes the park's southerly Isha sha sector, providing the chance of a stopover to searchfor famous tree-climbing lions. Bwindi 160km from Mweya and 64km from Ishasha.

Kampala-Kabale-Kanungu-Buhoma. This route follow a tarmac highway to Kabala (414km) and takes 5-6 hours. The next section follows winding murram roads for 120km, passes thruogh Kanungu and Kanyantorogo and takes 4-5hrs. A 4WD vehicle is required.

Kampala- Ntungamo-Rukungiri-Kihihi-Buhoma. This is the quickest and the most direct rout from Kampala, follows tarmac road to Rukungiri (390km) followed by 82km on murram roads to Buhoma.

Kampala-Kabale-Ruhija-Buhoma. The Kabale-Ruhija-Buhomasegment on this route is 95km on the murram road and takes 3-4hrs. The Ruhija section only a 4WD vehicle can pass thruogh.

Kampala-Kabale-Nkuringo. Nkuringo is 105km from Kabale town and the drive takes 4hours on the mountainous murram road. Most visitors overnight in Kisoro town (80km from Kabale) before proceeding to Nkuringo. The road from Kisoro is a winding 35km that takes 1-1.5hrs. A 4WD vehicle is recommended for both approaches to Nkuringo.

Public Transport
Abus runs daily from Kampala to Butogota from which a tax can be hired for the last 17km to Buhoma. There is no public transport to Nkuringo but vehicles can be hired in Kisoro town.

travellers can fly from Entebbe Air port or Kampala (Kajjansi airfield) to the morden tarmac airstrip at Kisoro town. Visitors to Buhoma can charter planes to the grass Kayonza airstrip.Accommodation

A range of accomodation cater for both up-market and budget visitors. It is advisable to book well in advance.
Up-market and Moderate locations
Gorilla Forest Camp
Mantana Tented Camp
Volcanoes Bwindi Camp
Gorilla Homestead
Buhoma Homestead
Lake Kitandara Camp
Gorilla Resort

Budget locations
Buhoma Community Campground
Bwindi View Canteen

A self- catering guesthouse can be booked through Uganda Wildlife Authority headquarters in Kampala.Flora and Fauna

for accommodation reservations contact:

habari at


Bwindi support a tremendous biodiversity as a result of two factors. Firstly, its slopes extend over a broad altitudinal range of 1447m to creat habitats ranging from lowland forest at 1160m to rare Afromontane vegetation above 2600m. Secondly, it is extremely old. When most of Africa's forests disappeared during a rid conditions of the ice age (12,000-18,000 years ago), Bwind was on of a few 'refugia' that persisted.

Consequently, while most of today's forests are no more than 12,000 years old, Bwindi's vegetation has been weaving itself into tangles over at least 25,000 years, in the process accumulating a lengthy species list. This includes 310 species of butterflys, 51 reptiles, 200 trees, 88 moths and an exceptional 120 types of mammal including 10 primates. The latter includes chimpanzee, baboon, L'Hoest's, red tailed and blue monkey, black and white colobus and Bwindi's most famous residents, the mountain gorilla.GORILLA Tracking

Gorilla tracking is a captivationand unforgetable experience which more than repays the effort needed to reach Bwindi and to trek through the forest. Bwindi has seven habituated gorilla groups that are tracked by tourists. Three of these are in the vicinity of Buhoma and one at Nkuringo.
The Mubare group ('M' group) was opened for tourism in 1993 and consists of 6 members with one sliverback.
The Habinyanja group ('H' group) was opened for tourism in 1998 and is composed of 18 individuals with 2 sliverbacks.
The Rushegura group ('R' group) is composed of 19 membersand was opened for tourism in 2002
The Nkuringo group ('N' group) was opened for tourism in 2004 and is composed of 19 members and one sliverback.
The Nshongi group was opened for tourism in September 2009 and composed of 36 individuals with 3 sliverbacks.
Bitukura group ('B' group) was opened for tourism in December 2008 and is composed of 13 individual.
Kyaguriro group ('K' group) with 17 members

Gorilla tracking is Uganda's most sought after tourism activity. You should book well in advance to ensure that permits for your requested dates are available.

Gorilla tracking can be challenging and you need to be reasonably fit. Registration and briefing at Buhoma park office and Nkuringo commences at 0745 hours tracking states at 8:30am and can last from a few hours to the whole day depending on where the gorillas are in the forest.

Gorilla rules
To protect the gorillas and visitors, the following rules must be adhered to:
No one with a communicable disease, such as flu or diarrhoea, is allowed to visit the gorillas.
Do not surround the gorillas but remain in a tight group.
Leave a distance of atleast 5m between you and the gorilla. If they approach you, move back slowly.
Flash photography is strickly forbidden.
Do not eat or smoke withi 200m of the gorilla.
If you need to sneeze or cough, turn away from the gorillas and cover your nose and mouth.
Do not spit on vegetation or soil while in the park.
When with the gorillas, avoid making loud noises or sudden movement.
Contact time with the gorilla is strictly limited one hour.
No person under 15 years is allowed to track gorillas.
All litter must be removed from the park for disposal. AROUND THE PARK:

Though gorilla tracking is the main attraction, a range of other walks provide more relaxed opportunities to spot birds and monkeys while exploring one of Uganda's loveliest rainforests. These walks can be arranged to depart in the morning at 9:00am and in the afternoon at 1415hours
Munyanga River Trail in the valley below Buhoma (park office) provides an ideal short walk to view birds and primates along the forest edge.
Waterfall Trail leads hrough one of Uganda's most pristine tracts of rainforest, passing beneath tree ferns, epiphytic ferns and orchids to visit three sparking waterfalls.
Rushura Hill Trail provides expansive views across the plains of the western rift valley to the west and (on clear days) Lake Edward and the Rwenzori Mountains to the north.
Muzabajiro Loop Trail climbs to the summit of Rukubira Hill for breathtaking views of Bwindi forest, the western Rift Valley and the Virunga volcanoes.
River Ivi Trail follows an old road through beautiful forest emerging near Nkuringo on the southern edge of the forest. It is highly recommended for bird watchers.

Any time, though conditions are more challenging during the rainy season.
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